Gu Jingzhou

 Technologist     |      2018-12-05 14:23:49
   Gu Jingzhou (1915-1996), formerly known as Jingzhou. Aliases: Manxi, Skinny, Wuling Yiren, Jingnan Mountain. Self-made pots, Lao Ping. Yixing Zisha famous artist, member of China Artists Association, master of Chinese arts and crafts. 18-year-old teacher studied art. In the late 1930s, Shanghai made pots antique. In 1954, he entered the Yixing Lushan Ceramics Cooperative. In 1956, he was appointed as a technical counselor by the Jiangsu Provincial Government. He was led by Xu Hanjun, Gao Haigeng, Li Changhong, Shen Yuhua, Shu Fengying, Wu Qunxiang and others. He participated in the National Arts and Crafts Congress three times in his life, and he was greatly influenced by Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. He was praised as “the pot art master” at home and abroad, and his works were collected by major museums and cultural relics at home and abroad.
    Born in 1915 in Shangyuan Village, Chuanyu Township, Yixing City, Jiangsu Province, Gu Jingzhou can be said to be one of the most famous Zisha pottery artists in the past. His real name is Jingzhou, later renamed Jingzhou, and the name is Mandala, Skinny, Wulingyi Jingnan Mountain and Pots. The former self-made hall was from Yixuan. His achievements in pot art are extremely high, his skills are exquisite, and he draws a wide range of materials. It can be said that it is the most accomplished one among the modern ceramic artists. The reputation enjoyed by the Ming Dynasty is comparable to that of the Ming Dynasty. It is called "a generation of masters" and "a pot of art."
    When I was young, I studied at the Shandong Po College. The intelligence is outstanding, and often the praise of the director of the college. In 1933, he was 18 years old, and he inherited his ancestral home at home. With his grandmother Shaw's billet, he also inherited the shackles of the home-made potter. With his literary skills, he made a remarkable effort to become famous and became a famous pottery artist.
    At the age of 20, Zeng Ying was hired by Shanghai Langshi Art Garden. The antique pottery made it clear that Chen Fengyuan’s dragon and phoenix pots and bamboo shoots were highly skilled, and they were collected as the transmitter of Chen Mingyuan for the Palace Museum and Nanjing Museum. It was not until a few decades later that he discovered the original works for the Beijing Palace Museum and the Nanjing Museum's Zisha collection. This period can be said to be one of the most important turning points in Gu Jingzhou's pot making career. Because he had the privilege of being exposed to a large number of treasures of ancient famous masters, he repeatedly tried to figure out how to study and learn and master the great essence of Chinese ceramic art. According to legend, Gu Jingzhou used his family to spread the old mud of the mountain to make a purple sand tea pet double lion play ball, which is a rare gift.
    In October 1954, he responded to the government's call and actively participated in the formation and painting of the Zisha Ceramics Production Cooperative's purple sand production plant.
    In January 1955, when the company was established, it immediately took charge of the recruitment and technical counseling of the “Zisha Craft Class” and trained many high-level arts and crafts talents.
    In 1958, he actively participated in the purple sand technology innovation and technological revolution movement.
    In 1959, he was appointed as deputy director of the Technical Research Office of Yixing Zisha Plant and deputy chief of the technology unit. He also participated in the layout design work of the Jiangsu Hall of the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, and designed a large number of large tea sets and high-grade flower pots.
    Since 1975, he has participated in the excavation and research work of the ancient kiln site in Yixing area, and has carried out careful and meticulous research on the site of the Zisha kiln in the Song Dynasty. He has done a lot of research and data collection on the history of Zisha pottery, celebrity biography, and ancient pottery identification. He has published hundreds of thousands of words on purple sand pottery. Books about Zisha are hired as art consultants.
    In 1980, with his support and participation, he established a "Zisha Special Art Class". According to the sample of Hong Kong's famous collector Luo Guiwei, copying historical masterpieces, and selecting craftsmen and senior craftsmen to attend classes for special art class every week, laying the foundation for the purple sand technology level to leap to a new level, for the whole purple sand business The prosperity and development of the book have written a glorious page.
     In 1981, at the 6th Asian Art Festival in Hong Kong, the works of the "Zisha Special Art Class" exhibited a purple sand pottery. At the same time, Gu Jingzhou was crowned by Dr. Luo Guixiang and Zisha pottery collectors in Hong Kong, and made identification for the collection of 200 collections and opened a lecture on Zisha pottery. His erudition, the incisive analysis of the works, and the scholars and connoisseurs in many countries are deeply impressed. Gu Jingzhou has participated in the National Congress of Arts and Crafts Artists three times and was received by the leaders of the country. His works are highly valued by colleagues at home and abroad.
    In 1982, he was assessed as a craft artist by the state.
    In 1985, Gu Jingzhou served as the director of the Yixing Zisha Research Institute, which raised the purple sand art from commercialization to the cultural level of art. In 1989 he was promoted to a senior craftsman. After “Yixing Zisha” was rated as a quality silver award by the state, he personally designed and directed a batch of purple sand boutiques and participated in national exhibition evaluation activities, prompting “Fangyuan Brand” high-grade purple sand tea set to be rated as “Golden Prize” by the state.
    In 1985, he served as the director of the Yixing Zisha Research Institute, actively guiding technicians to participate in the exhibition abroad, and personally writing articles and atlases, making their own works, and raising the purple sand art from commercialization to the cultural level of art.
    In April 1988, the Ministry of Light Industry of the People's Republic of China awarded him the honorary title of "Master of Chinese Arts and Crafts". On the occasion of his exhibition in Hong Kong in 1989, he gave a special lecture for the purple sand pottery enthusiasts and participated in the awards activities, which made the excellent Chinese culture and purple sand pottery more flourishing.
    In 1992, at the Zixing International Culture Symposium of the Third Ceramic Art Festival in Yixing, he published "Introduction to the History of Zisha Pottery". His incisive expositions have been well received by the people of the purple sand pottery industry. In his coveted years, he summed up his decades of creative experience in his life and personally edited the "Yixing Zisha Treasures" masterpiece, published and published by Hong Kong Sanlian Bookstore. A glorious page was written in the history of purple sand pottery. Gu Jingzhou has devoted his life to the purple sand pottery, constantly making progress, bravely innovating, and leading generations to add luster to the purple sand industry. With his broad mind and exquisite technology, he wrote a glorious chapter in the history of Zisha development, which is an important milestone. As the famous art master Mr. Yaming commented: “Zisha started in Mingzhengde. Up to now, it has been more than ten people. The master is a modern master. Gu can see the philosophical spirit, literary atmosphere and painting charm of Huaxia. .
Transaction Record
    Gu Jingzhou Titan Group Auction Auction Price 17.825 million
    Gu Jingzhou large wall pot auction sold for 12.88 million
    Gu Jingzhou's Wuhufan calligraphy and painting Xiangming stone scoop pot auction price of 12.32 million
    Gu Jingzhou Zisha Yunshou Ruyi Santou Tea Set Auction Price 10.23 million
    Gu Jingzhou made Jiutou Yongmei tea auction auction price 28.78 million
    Gu Jingzhou's squirrel grape ten sets of tea sets sold for 92 million
Social evaluation
    Mr. Gu is determined to create purple clay pottery. From his grandmother Shaw’s academic skills, he has devoted himself to the production skills. Over the past decades, I have visited the finest purple sand boutiques, delved into the knowledge of purple sand ceramics, and involved in calligraphy, painting, stone, engraving, archaeology and other academics. Rich humanistic quality and refined pot making techniques create a unique artistic style created by Zisha, and Gu Jingzhou also has a unique and unique accomplishment for the appreciation of purple sand pottery.
Gu Lao's style of purple sand works
    Gu Lao's purple sand works are mainly composed of pots. When they are young, they start with squares and rounds. With their interaction with the painting and calligraphy circles, they gradually focus on the production of photo-types. Finally, they are laid out by geometric pots. Personal style, find your own artistic creation direction. He also collaborated with famous painter Han Meilin and Professor Zhang Shouzhi of the Central Academy of Arts and Crafts to create a modern aesthetic concept for the development of the sand pot. Create a new conception of purple sand pot pot shape. His masterpieces include: Han Yun, Xuehua, Yi, Tibi, Shangxinqiao, Fengzui pot, 僧 hat, imitation drum, stone scoop, 牛盖莲子, etc. Among them, Niujialianzi and 鹧鸪Peng won the National Gold Medal. The hats and derricks won the National Silver Award, and many of the best works were collected by collectors and museums at home and abroad.
The hat pot is the most popular style in the history of the teapot, especially in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the pot became the most popular at that time. It is worth mentioning that the two generations of Zisha pot artists in the Ming and Qing Dynasties have a special liking for this kind of pot. The teapot shown in the above picture is made by Master Gu Jingzhou's imitation of the ancient 僧 壶 pot. Its shape is very unique, the proportion is also very well-proportioned, and the lid of the pot is shaped like a scorpion cap. The bottom of the pot is engraved with the square seal of “Jingzhou System”.
    Gu Jingzhou believes that the purple sand art in the middle of the Ming Dynasty can be divided into the gods, the best, the fine products and the energy products like the calligraphy and painting art. In the Ming Dynasty, the Spring Festival, the Time Dabin, and the Qing Dynasty Chen Mingyuan, the works were complete in shape and superb in technology. They promoted the purple sand technology and combined it with Chinese culture and art. Their masterpieces should be respected as gods. In the Qing Dynasty, Chen Mansheng was in charge of the past and the future. "Mansheng pot" is the combination of purple sand art and poetry and calligraphy art. Even if the skill is insufficient, if it is true, it can also be called the best. Gu Jingzhou admits that there are many antiques in the history of purple sand. He himself has a special period of antiques. Although the shape of the pot is still the same, with the progress of society, his skills surpass the predecessors. Things are imitation, but the quality is good, it is a fine. Nowadays, the popular high-grade purple sand tea set is energy. Gu Jingzhou summed up his purple sand career as a trilogy of juvenile imitation, middle-aged creation, and later years.
The history of the hat and pot type
    The shape of the bonnet pot has appeared in the Jingdezhen kiln porcelain of Longquan kiln in the Song and Yuan Dynasties. Ming Hongwu and Yongle also burned blue and white glazed red enamel pot pot porcelain. Zisha 僧 cap teapot was first used in the Jinsha Temple in the Ming Dynasty, and later passed by Dabin and others. However, it was lost in the Qing Dynasty, which is why it is difficult for us to see a decent cap of the Qing Dynasty. Since the body of the bonnet pot is equilaterally folded into a square shape, it is necessary to have a solid and profound ceramic art and profound cultural connotation in the diagonal joining process of the mud piece. The bonnet pot made by Gu Jingzhou is full of shape, quality and spirit. Originally in the hands of a collector in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, the pot is now in the Hang Shui Tang of Beijing Antique City.
Gu Jingzhou's achievements in the pot art
    The dozens of pots created by Gu Jingzhou are a fine piece. His achievements in the pot art are extremely high, the skills are exquisite, and the material is widely used. It can be said that it is the most accomplished one among the modern potters. The reputation he enjoys is comparable to that of the Ming Dynasty. The characteristics of the work are: the overall shape is simple and elegant, the shape is strong and rigorous, the lines are smooth and harmonious, elegant and profound, and the rich oriental art features are produced. , brushing a generation of slim and colorful winds, was praised as "pot art master" by experts at home and abroad. The number of teapots produced by Gu Jingzhou is not a lot. He sometimes does a batch of pots for several years, and all of them require high quality and are not satisfied with the destruction. Therefore, his works are in the price of hundreds of thousands to millions. yuan. The auction price in Hong Kong in the 1980s was 650,000 yuan. The current price of each pot is more than 1 million yuan.
Gu Jingzhou's profound cultural accomplishment
    Gu Jingzhou's superb pot art realm is inseparable from his profound cultural accomplishment. Whether there is cultural accumulation or not is the most important threshold for folk artists in the art process, and one of the important differences between everyone and the general craftsmen. Gu Jingzhou attaches importance to this source and has worked hard for his life. He even read and studied books related to strontium salt, from chemical composition and chemical formula. In the practice of making pots, he has in-depth research on each part of mineral processing, raw material preparation, technical processing, and firing.
From the early 1950s to the first apprentice Xu Hanqi, in the past few decades, Gu Jingzhou can be described as Tao Li. With his own work experience, he asked the young people who studied with him to temper in basic skills, to be solid, deep, and not flashy, starting from the selection of mud and mud, one by one, hard training and hard skills. The result of strict requirements is that Gu Jingzhou’s disciples have outstanding achievements, such as Xu Hanjun, a master of Chinese arts and crafts, Qian Liyuan, a master of Chinese arts and crafts, Li Changhong, Zhou Guizhen, a master of Chinese ceramic art, and Shen Shuhua, Pan Zhiping, a famous celebrity in Jiangsu Province. Zhang Honghua and so on.
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