Qi Baishi

 Calligraphy Paintings     |      2018-12-05 17:12:16
     Qi Baishi (January 1, 1864 - September 16, 1957), was born in Lushan, Suzhou, Anhui Province, and was born in Xiangtan, Hunan Province (now Hunan Xiangtan).
     Formerly known as pure zhi, the word 渭青, No. Lanting. Later renamed 璜, the word 濒生, No. Baishi, Baishishan Weng, Laoping, Hungry, borrowed from the owner of the mountain, sent the old man on the Pingtang, three hundred stone seals.
     It is a master of modern Chinese painting and a celebrity of world culture. In the early years, he worked as a carpenter and later made a living by selling paintings. He settled in Beijing after he was 57 years old. He is good at painting flowers, birds, insects, landscapes, and characters. His pen and ink are moist and moist, the color is bright and bright, the shape is concise and vivid, and the artistic conception is simple and simple. The fish, shrimp, and crabs are made to be fun.
     Qi Baishi's book-making workmanship, taking the method of the Qin and Han dynasty tablets, the book of the ancients of the fun, engraved into a family, good writing poetry. He once served as honorary professor of the Central Academy of Fine Arts and chairman of the Chinese Artists Association. His masterpieces include "Frogs in the Ten Miles" and "Ink Shrimp". He is the author of "White Stone Poetry" and "White Stone Old Man Self-report".

   After Qi Baishi settled in Beijing, his heart was the ideological track of "the hometown of the hometown is open at this time." Qi Baishi could not bring his hometown grass to the Yellow River and bring it to Beijing. However, his hometown grass came to Beijing as a natural information with Qi Baishi and was transformed into art information to realize the balance of Qi Baishi's psychology. Qi Baishi has engraved many idle seals bearing the feelings of nostalgia, such as "My family is under the Hengyue Mountain" and "the moonlight in the guest is also the home of the mountain", which is the first theme of Qi Baishi's self-satisfaction. Qi Baishi wrote a lot of nostalgic poems, such as: "When you climbed up, you couldn't think of homesickness. Drinking wine and flowers will break your intestines. You can fly to Nanfei's heavenly geese, and your heart will follow the monarchs to Xingtang." Another example is "satisfaction, night dreams." "Xingtang", "This is the opening of the Mei, the flowers in front of the old eaves." These verses are the words of Qi Baishi's "sleeping at night" and "resting on the pillow". Change the law and change the meaning, change the meaning and change the law, the heart of the town with the child's heart, the child's heart also always read the heart.
     Qi Baishi's work "I know the fish best", painted a small fish to encircle the bait, is Qi Baishi's accustomed thing when he is less, so he can "know the fish"; Qi Baishi painted "Ink pig out" when he was 77, because Qi Baishi has one The heart of "the pastor remembers for seventy years"; Qi Baishi painted those black and red beetles, because Qi Baishi still remembers that the people in the village called black scorpion as "black woman", called the small beetle as "red lady", which is exactly The grass worms in the eyes of the peasants are the aesthetic tastes of the peasants; the Qi Baishi painting squid title "has more than a year", the pomegranate symbolizes many children, and the painting of peaches symbolizes longevity, which is also a symbol of folk art metaphor.
 The works of Zhong Biao, Shou Xing and Xian Fo under Qi Baishi's works are also objects of the farmers' mouths when they chat. This kind of work is the natural expression of Qi Baishi's love of love and innocence. It is the desire to spread the children's grandchildren with the agricultural techniques. It is a conscious expression of the peasant consciousness that is different from the poetry and book family. When Qi Baishi painted "Bai Cai Chili", it not only felt the contrast between red and black, but also "the peony is the king of flowers, the lychee is the first of the fruit, and the cabbage is the king of the food", and the indignation is in anger; In the sentence about painting cabbage, the expression "is not a matter of exaggeration, it is necessary to know that this is always a farmer", "not only Laoping knows this taste, the ancestors gnawed their roots for three generations", which is exactly in the "farming map" The confession of the old farmer. It is also Qi Baishi's self-affirmation of the true color and essence.
    Qi Baishi has never been a desire to enter the profession, lazy to socialize, no matter what he is, no war with the world, always with a pure heart, immersed in the experience of art, immersed in the hometown of art. Qi Baishi's hometown, child's heart and the heart of the peasant's heart and the local flavor of art are rooted in Qi Baishi's labor life. Qi Baishi also had no way to go in art. It was the fate of the wall that was inevitably encountered by the emotions of the "Ba Da Shan Ren". In fact, it was the end of the unbalanced mentality between Qi Baishi and the literati in the past. When Qi Baishi identified himself as a farmer, the natural information he had stored in previous years went to the bottom of his wrist, tongue and blade, and turned into new art information, abandoning the ancient means of expressing emotions and creating a unique expression of Qi Baishi. Artistic language and art form. The sincerity of the heart of the village, the childlike heart and the heart of the peasant in Qi Baishi's art is the artistic expression of Qi Baishi's true heart and essence. Qi Baishi's artistic expression of essence, self, change of law, change of meaning and essence is the profound foundation of Qi Baishi's "declining law".
Modeling theory
     Each styling artist has its own aesthetic scale. When Qi Baishi painted morning glory, the leaves are all positive, the flowers are all side view, the flowers are straight as red candles, which is the unity of the unity and the overall momentum, is the characteristics of the shape. The peony flower is rich, the palm tree is full of interest, the tumbler's mud toy style, the back of the cow's round shape, the lateral shrimp's narrow shape, the owl's class like the bearing structure, these pure shapes The performance on the subject is related to both the form and the way the painter feels. Qi Baishi depicts the tie of the fine grass worm. There are folk craftsmen who show off the skills. The appearance of those thick branches and stalks in the same frame reflects the beauty of contrast. This beauty is the complexity of the dual personality of Qi Baishi peasant and literati. Sexually determined.
    Qi Baishi's famous paintings about styling - "The difference between painting and painting is like being like a kitsch, not like being a kitsch, not like being bullying?", Qi Baishi's styling concept is also Qi Baishi's desire to communicate with the world in the whole artistic style. And the aesthetic interest of the literati. It is neither a kitsch nor a maddening choice. The fascinating taste of “like and not like” is the same as Qi Baishi’s “just right to see”. This is the ability to be both extreme and minimalist, and to create at two extremes, and ultimately They are not willing to stick to the upper limit of the styling scale and aesthetics chosen by any extreme artist. In the later years, Qi Baishi's increasingly simplified style of painting has increasingly strengthened the "not like" style, and has increasingly strengthened the dominant position of "God" and succumbed to the realm of "the pen is simpler and more complete." Qi Baishi’s last year’s “confused” brushwork is also a rare confusing art. It is a breakthrough in the brushwork of the script, and it is the highest realm of the artist’s dominance of the artistic image.
Constitutional theory
     Enhance color expression, and use black as a contrast between color and other colors. Haipai artists have made breakthroughs. On the basis of Qi Baishi Haipai, the aesthetic characteristics of folk art were boldly introduced to make the color tone more purified. Qi Baishi retains the characteristics of Chinese painting based on ink, and establishes the backbone of the image. The flowers, fruits and birds often apply bright and saturated colors. They are composed of literati's freehand flower and bird paintings and folk clay toys. A new art complex. The ink leaves, safflower, and green feathers in Qi Baishi's "Hawthorn Kingfisher", the scented ink leaves and deep red flowers in "Lotus", the color feathers of black, yellow and green, the ink leaves and yellow in "Good Sample" Gourd, red ladybugs, these are typical Qi Baishi color composition. It belongs to the form and belongs to the content, because it is the refinement of the color of the country's own style, and it is a kind of passionate reflection of the rural thoughts. When Qi Baishi painted shrimp, he could skillfully use the ink color and pen marks to express the structure and texture of the shrimp. He also painted the shrimp whiskers and long arm clamps with a gold-stone-like brush stroke, which made the pure ink structure rich in meaning. Tips.
    Qi Baishi attaches great importance to the composition of points, lines and faces, so there are many wonderful rules and rhythms of life. When Qi Baishi Linyi’s ducks from the Badashan people, the album became a four-foot banner, and the upper three feet were all vertical portraits. The Qi Baishi’s composition was revealed; the “Chicken” was painted only one-fifth below. Draw three chickens at the top, one-fifth of the left is in the poor, three points echo a line, and the big blank is turned into a living space; in the lotus, a four-foot long longitudinal line Crossing with a slash of one foot long completes the meaning of Qiu Si, which is simple enough to be simple. This is the strange structure of Qi Baishi. The rhythm of movement caused by the use of the same line in the picture of fish and shrimp also reflects the composition of Qi Baishi. The rhythm of the "central" in the work "Small Fish are coming", the combination of two circles (the lotus leaf) and a set of diagonal lines (fish) in "The Law of the Fish" is the trace of the life rhythm of Qi Baishi. In works such as pine eagle, wisteria, and morning glory, Qi Baishi is good at using complex linear changes to create complex melodies. The title of "Song" verse "Litchi reflection snake line, Qu Gan cross the sky to the sky"; painting rattan sentence "chaos to a very difficult to solve", "old vines like a fly", confession is a unique image Aesthetic feelings. Comparing the tender, Xiahe and residual loads, it is clear that Qi Baishi is good at using pen and ink, and also uses the rhythm of the line and the change of the combination to express different atmospheres. This wonderful composition has Qi Baishi's skills, and this unique skill is related to Qi Baishi's unique pursuit of inner beauty. One of the large lines and seven short lines in the works of Chai Xi’s works is provided by the image of Chai Xi, which is the embodiment of Qi Baishi’s essence of “Xiang Ba Yu”, which is the “Agricultural Spectrum”. The product of the wishes of the descendants of the ancestors.
Thinking theory.
   Appreciate Qi Baishi's painted shrimps, mountains, grasses, chickens, ducks and fish worms, which will be painted as life and emotional people. The two chicks in the work "Qi Bai Shi Ri Xiang Hu" are two children who are quarreling tomorrow and good. The mouse in the work "Self-proclaimed" is the child who likes to weigh in life! Putting a frog's leg in the grass and seeing how it calls for struggle is itself a mischief of Qi Baishi's early years. Qi Baishi's thinking of painting is consistent with the thinking of poetry, and Qi Baishi regards Chunyu Pear as a tear in his poems, and the poems of "If pears are multi-love, should you remember to plant trees?" Method of conceiving. It is not only anthropomorphic, but also an anthropomorphic way of embodying emotions, and it is also the spiritual sustenance of Qi Baishi. Especially in small animals such as chickens, frogs, lynxes, sparrows, and mice, the most innocent of Qi Baishi's childlike heart, the most familiar with Qi Baishi's nostalgia for children's life, the most innocent and lovely of Qi Baishi. In this kind of work, it can be seen that the folk art flavor that Qi Baishi maintains from the roots is not only anthropomorphic, but also full of artistic humor. Qi Baishi realized this mystery.
    Qi Baishi's "Funding Map", when choosing the abacus as an opportunity, the scourge of "the desire for people to save money without putting danger" included in the "Ren" is more than the god of wealth, the coat, the knife and the gun. Implied, meaning deeper. Qi Baishi feels the corruption of the officialdom. With the tumbler as a symbolic image, the irony of homophonic and humorous is more interesting and profound than directly depicting the image of an eunuch. Qi Baishi is a metaphorical invader with a rampant crab; painting a cold bird has the belief that "the spirit is not cold", and like the "tumbler", it is a wonderful comic-style thinking. This is Qi Baishi's artistic humor, and it is also a kind of dexterity that Qi Baishi showed in the era of the era that can't be directly resisted, like the Uyghur intellectual star Avanti.
    The strong local flavor, the simple peasant consciousness and the innocent and romantic childlike heart, the poetry with the aftertaste is the inner life of Qi Baishi art, and the warm and bright color, the strong contrast between ink and color, the simple and childlike style and brushwork, The extreme composition of writing, the composition of the right and the strange, as Qi Baishi's unique artistic language and visual shape, is relatively the external life of Qi Baishi art. The reality of emotions requires a form that is compatible with it, and this form reinforces the expression of emotions. The two need each other, grow each other, and depend on each other, which together constitute the artistic life of Qi Baishi, that is, the overall style of Qi Baishi art.
    On the evening of December 17, 2017, in Beijing Baoli's autumn 2017 shooting, Qi Baishi's "12-screen screens of landscapes" started at 450 million yuan. In the competition of nearly 70 times, the final price was 8.1 billion yuan, plus commission to 9.315. The billion-dollar transaction has become the most expensive Chinese art in the world.
    "Like and not like", the aging method, the formation of a unique style of Chinese painting, the saffron ink leaves, especially the melons, fruits, vegetables, flowers, birds and worms for work, and the characters, landscapes, famous, and Wu Changshuo It shares the reputation of “Nanwu North Qi”; it combines the pure folk art style of Qi Baishi with the traditional style of literati painting, reaching the highest peak of Chinese modern flower and bird painting. The engraved beginner Ding Jing, Huang Xiaosong, later imitation of Zhao Yushu, and taking the French-Chinese seal See "Tong San Gong Shan Monument", "Tian Fa Shen Shen Monument", the law of change and change, the printing style is magnificent, and it is the representative figure of the modern and modern printing and transformation period. Its calligraphy is widely on the rubbings, the ancestor He Shaoji, Li Beihai, Jin Dongxin, and Zheng Banqiao are especially famous for their work and writing. Poetry does not seek work, and does not intend to be in the Tang and Song Dynasties. It is natural in nature and written in spirit. It is unique in its paintings and poetry. It is hardworking and hardworking. Self-satisfaction, high morality, especially national integrity. Left more than 30,000 paintings, more than 3,000 poems, self-reported and Qi Baishi manuscripts and handwriting. Qi Baishi's works have been repeatedly printed in various forms.
    Qi Baishi was greatly influenced by Chen Shi in the art of painting. Qi Baishi also absorbed the strength of Wu Changshuo. Qi Baishi specializes in flowers and birds, pens and inks, and strength and strength. But the worms are meticulous and extremely fine. Qi Baishi also praised Xu Wei, Zhu Xi, Shi Tao and Jin Nong. Yougong shrimps, crabs, butterflies, fish, birds, and ink are filled with the freshness of nature. The landscape composition is singular and unconventional, full of creative spirit, and the moment is unique, and the calligraphy is outstanding. Qi Baishi's paintings oppose the unrealistic fantasy. Qi Baishi often pays attention to the characteristics of flowers, birds, insects and fish, and tries to figure out their spirit. Qi Baishi once said: To portray the worms, to paint a god for the birds, to draw your own face. Qi Baishi's clauses are very witty and ingenious. The two chicks of Qi Baishi's paintings compete for a small insect, and the title is 曰; A picture of "Cotton Map": "Flowers open in the sky, flowers fall in the cold." "Tumbler Chart" titled "Autumn fan shakes two sides of white, the official gown is black and black."
Painted shrimp
    Qi Baishi painted shrimp is a must for painting. Through the life observation, Qi Baishi painted shrimp strives to deeply express the shape and character of the shrimp.
    Qi Baishi lived in the pond from a young age and often used shrimp to play; when he was young, he began to draw shrimps; after 40 years old, he copied the shrimps painted by Xu and Li, Li Futang and other Ming and Qing painters; at the age of 63, Qi Baishi painted shrimps were very similar, but not enough. "There were a few long-armed shrimps in the bowl, placed in the painting case, observed daily, and the method of painting shrimp was changed. The shrimp became one of the representative artistic symbols of Qi Baishi.
    The Qi Baishi painting shrimp has entered the environment, and the shrimps in the swimming water are represented in the simple pen and ink. The thick and thick mushroom is contrasted with the transparency, lightness and slenderness of the shrimps, reflecting the maturity of Qi Baishi's art in his later years.
      Qi Baishi painted shrimp showed the shape of the shrimp, lively, sensitive, alert and vital. It is because Qi Baishi has mastered the characteristics of the shrimp, so it is easy to draw. A few strokes, using the shade of darkness, shows a sense of movement. A pair of thick ink eyes, a little bit of coke ink in the middle of the head, two inks on the left and right, so the head of the shrimp is varied. The hard shell is transparent, from deep to shallow. And the waist of the shrimp, a section, a continuous number of pens, formed the rhythm of the shrimp waist from thick and thin.
    Qi Baishi's change with the pen makes the waist of the shrimp appear in a variety of abnormalities, with a forward waist and a straight waist. There are also bends and crawls. The tail of the shrimp is also a few strokes, both elastic and transparent. A pair of front claws of shrimp, from thin and thick, between several knots until the two cheeks, shaped like pliers, open and closed. The tentacles of the shrimp are drawn with several light ink lines.

Choice: For the shrimp in the water, in order to show that perspective, Qi Baishi's lines are imaginary and simple, simple and appropriate, like soft and solid, like broken solid, straight in the middle, chaotic and orderly, like shrimp on paper Playing and swimming in the water, the tentacles also seem to move.
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